Glossary of Roofing and Waterproofing Terms
G-90: a typical coating weight for galvanized metal sheet. Equates to 0.90 ounces (26 g) of zinc per sq. ft., measured on both sides.
Gable: a triangular portion of the endwall of a building directly under the sloping roof and above the eave line. (See Figure 10.)
Gable-Shaped Roof: a single-ridge roof that terminates at gable end(s). (See Figure 11.)
Galvalume~: trade name for a coating, used over metal, that is composed of aluminum zinc for corrosion protection.
Galvanic Action: an electroylic reaction between dissimilar metals in the presence of an electrolyte.
Galvanize: to coat with zinc.
Galvanized Steel: steel coated with zinc for corrosion resistance.
Gambrel: a roof that has two pitches on each side. (See Figure 12.)
Gauge: a measurement of rating metal thickness.
Geocomposite: a prefabricated drainage material used to relieve hydrostatic pressure against waterproofing and to promote drainage.
Geodesic Dome: a rounded structure made of short, straight, triangular sections that form polygons. (See Figure 13.)
Geotextile: a tightly woven fabric used to restrict the flow of fine soil particles and other contaminants while allowing water to pass freely through; used for protection of drainage systems from clogging.
Girt: a horizontal beam that supports wall cladding between columns.
Glass Felt: a sheet composed of bonded glass fibers, suitable for impregnation and coating in the manufacture of bituminous roofing and waterproofing materials, and shingles.
Glass Mat: a thin mat composed of glass fibers, woven or non-woven, with or without a binder. This mat may serve as reinforcement for certain roof materials and membranes.
Glaze Coat: (1) the top layer of asphalt on a smooth-surfaced built-up roof membrane; (2) a thin protective coating of bitumen applied to the lower plies or top ply of a built- up roof membrane when application of additional felts or the flood coat and aggregate surfacing are delayed.
(Also see Flood Coat.)
Gloss: the shine, sheen, or luster of a dried film.
Grain: a unit used to measure the mass of moisture.
Granule: (also referred to as Mineral or Ceramic Granule) opaque, natural, or synthetically colored aggregate commonly used to surface cap sheets, shingles, and other granule-surfaced roof coverings.
Gravel: aggregate resulting from the natural erosion of rock.
Gravel Stop: a low profile upward-projecting metal edge flashing with a flange along the roof side, usually formed from sheet or extruded metal. Installed along the perimeter of a roof to provide a continuous finished edge for roofing material. Acts as a bitumen-stop during mop
application of hot bitumen along a perimeter edge.
Groundwater Level: at a particular site, the level below which the subsoil and rock masses of the earth are fully saturated with water.
Grout: a mixture of cement, sand, and water used to fill cracks and cavities in masonry.
Grout (Non-Shrink): a cementitious material used to fill pitch-pans/pockets, prior to the application of a pourable sealer.
Gutter: a channeled component installed along the downslope perimeter of a roof to convey runoff water from the roof to the drain leaders or downspouts.